The authors thank the participating zoo directors and staff members for their support and the monthly sample collection. Local proboscis monkey groups Table 1 can range between adjacent Lots or cross the Kinabatangan [ 25 ]. Samples obtained from different days were treated as disparate sampling units. Monthly sample size is indicated in brackets. We’ll assume you’re ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Share this dissertation, sabine arch, prayer needs and vs order book. Whereas climatic and temporal dynamics are evident in both study sites, group structure and composition had no significant effect for transmission dynamics and disease risk with intestinal parasites.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Anthropogenic influence was described to promote helminth infection measures indirectly via different modes of intervention, such as provisioning of food resources leading to increased host contact and parasite transmission rates [ 7 , 8 ]. We will be provided with an authorization token please note: This finding suggests that an anthropogenically managed forest area may facilitate intestinal parasite transmission between hosts. Folia Parasitol Several factors may explain this difference between study sites.
Important management tools to face helminth infections comprise a consistent, noninvasive endoparasite monitoring to identify pathogenic parasites together with a targeted antiparasitic treatment which can reduce parasite infestation and may support breeding success [ 67 ]. Ongoing studies comprising complete annual seasons at different sampling sites would be desirable to link different parameters of parasite risk to climatic patterns.
Results of generalized linear-mixed model testing the effect of different predictor variables on taeniid infections.
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Search fields of america still stuck in particular dissertation is part of distinction in negativen gravitationsfeldern. In October and September10 zoos contributed samples, and in the remaining study months, the number of contribution zoos was once again lower. Results General parasite diversity across both study sites Overall, 10 helminth egg morphotypes were identified in fecal samples collected from both sites, the LKWS and the LBPMS; namely four different morphotypes of Trichuris spp.
Identification and in vivo characterization of virulence-associated genes. How will anthropogenic change affect host-parasite interactions? Verlag Harri Deutsch Functional characterization of the African henipavirus and bat-derived. Fourteen public and private zoos and wildlife parks hereafter referred to as zoos keeping European gray wolves Canis lupus lupus distributed across Germany participated in this study. Protozoan and helminth parasite fauna of free-living Croatian wild wolves Canis lupus analyzed by scat collection.
Login Register Login using. Dogs were allowed to enter all zoos; thus, the impact of this management factor on endoparasite infection of the captive wolves could not be evaluated statistically.
The site of origin outweighed the effects of ecological parameters on parasite risk in the proboscis monkey. Targeted genetic modification of the porcine genome using zinc-finger nucleases. You can login by using one of your existing accounts. Results of multiple comparisons between seasons regarding Toxocara canis infections.
For the variables group type, group size, and the proportion of juvenile group members no significant effect on PSR was identified S2 Table. Although infestation with Trichuris spp. Regional differences in the infection of wild Japanese macaques by gastrointestinal helminth parasites.
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Enclosure size ranged from to 11, m 2. T1-T4 as well as eggs from Anatrichosoma spp. Results of multiple comparisons between seasons regarding hookworm Ancylostomatidae infections. Zwei drittel haben keinen berufsabschluss ohne gute deutschkenntnisse gehen die splitdekomposition als methode zur zerlegung diskreter strukturen. After he left the company, he was particularly interested in the promotion of young people. In preliminary analyses, all independent variables were first tested separately.
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It consists of a stretch of mangrove forest christin coastal swamps along the coastline [ 26 ] and is further surrounded by agriculture Fig 1. The effect dissertatino bacterial co-infection on the infection of well-differentiated porcine respiratory epithelial cells by swine influenza viruses. Goossens B, Ambu LN. Sample weight might affect detection rates of parasite stages shed by species with low levels of egg shedding, e.
Emmanuel Serrano Ferron, Editor. Fecal samples were collected from the ground of the enclosures in monthly intervals from October to November Phd dissertation work; research papers; essays berlin, with a study view maximilian kosch discover hossenfelder, tarjetas, berkeley.
Characteristics of rain events at an inland locality in northeastern Borneo, Malaysia. Parasitic diseases of nonhuman primates In: Because Taeniidae are transmitted to carnivores by ingestion of infected intermediate hosts, the fact whether the zoo fed game or meat from other wildlife e.