PICO DE LORO THESIS

PICO DE LORO THESIS

This clustering of high diversity is due to vast canopy variation within the area and its proximity to natural noise and disturbances trail and road. Forest gain on the other hand describes natural re-growth of previously opened area from the same period. This cycle has been observed for 11 years of observation. Relative humidity and temperature within the protected area based on surveyed observation locations Relative humidity in the area over the MPPMNG protected landscape ranges from 59 to 78 taken at 35 stations from the wet season of up to the dry season of The approach should now be a watershed approach to account for all environmental processes in the upland that affects the lowland communities. You are commenting using your WordPress.

An ecological scoring was made to determine which zone is the most important based on a 1- 5 scale as this will be the basis for determining least to most important zone using the baseline information of the survey. The typical spectral signature of plant material is low reflectance on the visible spectrum of blue, green and red and rises dramatically in the Near Infra-Red NIR region Fig On the north east part of the protected area, some scattered forest loss and non-clustered forest clearing is observed and validated on field. Burning for cow grazing and logging are the most common type of disturbance within the Strict Protection Zone SPZ area. By christian joy embudo. The dominance of the intermediate trees with an average diameter of 20 — 40 cm in diameter cover majority of the entire sampled area.

This significant satellite observation is vital in the study of how plants react through time in natural and athropogenic disturbances. Various band combination and color composites were used to enhance ground features for classification. As seen in forest and grassland, there is a huge difference in the dw and short wave infrared 1. Historical Boundary delineation I. Please see annex table.

It a e observed that there is a clustering of bird density distribution at the inner central part of the protected landscape. The area was then computed for the plotted park boundary and was overlaid on every maps produced for this report. More bamboo cover are encountered mostly on downslopes of Palay-palay peak and following a gorge downslope of a river Mts. Forest Canopy Figure 9. Land cover refers to the physical property of attribute in a feature like vegetation and bodies of water whereas land use refers to thess features on the ground that are man made or built for a purpose like road features, agriculture and other altered environments.

  ICAEW ACA CASE STUDY EXAM DATES

A classified image was generated for the provinces covered by the protected landscape.

pico de loro thesis

Based on the NDVI, every year, the green vegetation as being detected by the satellite goes up during the the wet season and then maintains it for the whole year up until leaves dry or the plant experiences stress and green goes down during the summer period. The relative location of the SPZ proximal to the Peak of Pico de Loro places a threat to human activities due to the presence of intensive human pco.

Conclusions It poro be concluded that the forest of the MPPMNG protected landscape is relatively intact with scattered distrubances within the boundary. This is also in consideration of the mobility of birds and bats within the area and that their local geographical range exceeds the area where they were encountered.

Pico de Loro Climb @ Cavite | Demiram’s Adventure

One local pattern is that most of the birds distributed are widely found between the ridge of Mount Palay-Palay and Pico-de Loro. By christian joy embudo. The 10 year data assessed covers a period from Mts.

pico de loro thesis

An ecological scoring was made to determine which zone is the most important based on a 1- 5 scale as this will be the basis for determining least to most important zone using the baseline information of the survey. Figure 19 also shows the relationship of the observed canopy cover per transect overlaid on the remotely sensed image thwsis tree canopy observations.

Relative humidity and temperature pivo the protected area based on surveyed observation locations Relative humidity in the area over the MPPMNG protected landscape ranges from 59 to 78 taken at 35 stations from the wet season of up to the dry season of It can be observed that within the two sampled areas plotted, the North-east and the South part of the protected landscape has long been planted with coconut and other perennial crops.

The ecological variables served as a baseline study of the protected area and should be treated as an important input in the management by PAMB. Based on remote sensing data of temporal vegetation analysis, the forest thewis within the strict protection zone are stable with minor stress reported during summer season or during extreme climatic conditions such as typhoon and el nino phenomenon.

  BIOLOGY COURSEWORK BEETROOT

The greener the area, the denser the vegetation and vice versa.

pico de loro thesis

Email required Address never made public. There was an incresed forest re-growth wround the strict protection zone as seen on the map above right. Do you know that if you focus or remain in your own little world you will never be able to know your capacities and what you are made of. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Our visible eye can only see part of the visible spectrum between 0.

These ecological variables will be used as basis to determine re-zonation of protection areas and mixed use area. Thesiw intermediate and juvenile trees covering more than 50 percent of the entire plot are mostly observed as elevation increases. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NDVI is one of the most widely used vegetation metrics to study vegetation in general because remote sensing sensors are designed to see beyond what our eyes can percieve.

This implies that the area receives more light penetration in the forest floor making the forest floor more favorable for undergrowth for plant growth and nutrient cycle.

Assessment of bryophytes in Pico de Loro Nasugbu, Batangas.

It should be of note that majority of the opened area left image of Figure 9 are not all open canopy due to forest extraction such as logging. Change in vegetation cover and use in a particular over time area does not equate to direct impact of human activity in a gradual state but if cover change is observed at a shorter rate and there is a proximity of access by human, it can be inferred that change may be due to human activity. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Thesiz your comment here The typical spectral signature of plant material is low reflectance on the visible spectrum of blue, green and red and rises dramatically in the Near Infra-Red NIR region Fig