His mother’s name was Alia, who was an Arabian. Azad had backed the election of Nehru as Congress president, and supported the resolution endorsing socialism. With the onset of World War I , the British stiffened censorship and restrictions on political activity. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society. Maulana Azad is considered one of the greatest Urdu writers of the 20th century. He began to spin his own clothes using khadi on the charkha , and began frequently living and participating in the ashrams organised by Gandhi.
During the Sepoy Mutinyhe left India and settled in Mecca. Short Essay on ‘Diwali’ or ‘Deepawali’ Words. Archived from the original PHP on 22 November Gandhi Rao Pawar S.
In face of increasing popular disenchantment with the British across India, Gandhi and Patel advocated an all-out rebellion demanding immediate independence. Azad and Nehru proposed an initiative to forge an agreement with the British in Azad took up responsibility for the safety of Muslims in India, touring affected areas in Bengal, Bihar, Assam and the Punjab, guiding the organisation of refugee camps, supplies and security.
In the end, Azad became convinced that decisive action in one form or another had to be taken, as the Congress had to provide leadership to India’s people and would lose its standing if it did not.
Idea to merge various countries in SEA.
The book is primarily an Urdu language book; however, there are over five hundred of couplets, mostly in Persian and Arabic languages. He played an active role in the freedom movement of India. Azad became an important national leader, and served on the Congress Working Committee and in the offices of general secretary and president many times. State University of New York Press.
He studied at the Schwartz High School in Ramanathapuram. InAzad served as an intermediary between the supporters of and the Congress faction led by Congress president Subhash Bose, who criticised Gandhi for not launching another rebellion against the British and sought to move the Congress away from Gandhi’s leadership. I worked very closely with Dr.
Short Essay on ‘Christmas’ Words. Focusing on bringing the capital of Delhi back to peace, Azad organised security and relief efforts, but was drawn into a dispute with the Deputy prime minister and Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel when he demanded the dismissal of Delhi’s police commissioner, who was abuul Sikh accused by Muslims of overlooking attacks and neglecting their safety.
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Azad’s education had been shaped for him to become a cleric, but his rebellious nature and affinity for politics turned him towards journalism. The Khilafat struggle had also peaked with the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I and the raging Turkish War of Independencewhich had made the caliphate’s position precarious. Log in to add a comment. As India’s first Minister of Education, he emphasised on educating maulans rural poor and girls.
While Gandhi was incarcerated at the Aga Khan Palace in PuneAzad and the Congress Working Committee were imprisoned at a fort in Ahmednagarwhere they would remain under isolation and intense security for nearly four years. With his popularity increasing across India, the government outlawed Azad’s second publication under the Defence of India Regulations Act and arrested him.
Nationalists were infuriated that Viceroy Lord Linlithgow had entered India into the war without consulting national leaders. As India’s Education Minister, Azad oversaw the establishment of a national education system with free primary education and modern institutions worss higher education. His father had to rent boats to pay his school fees. His work for education and social uplift in India made him an important influence in guiding India’s economic and social development.
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Inat an age of 35, he became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress. This page was last edited on 16 Mayat Maulana Azad died on 22nd February, Azad’s criticism of Jinnah and the Kalsm intensified as Jinnah called Congress rule in the provinces as “Hindu Raj”, calling the resignation of the Congress ministries as a ” Day of Deliverance ” for Muslims.
Azad is remembered as one of the leading Indian nationalists of his time. Rajendra Prasad to make the rebellion as effective as possible. Supporting the call for the British to ” Quit India “, Azad began exhorting thousands of people in rallies across the nation to prepare for a definitive, all-out struggle. Speaking vehemently against Jinnah’s Two-Nation Theory —the notion that Hindus and Muslims were distinct nations—Azad lambasted religious separatism and exhorted all Muslims to preserve a united India, as all Hindus and Muslims were Indians who wofds deep bonds of brotherhood and worcs.