This Perspective article summarizes recent studies on the assessment of bilingual LI and presents new results on including nonlinguistic measures of executive functions in the diagnostic assessment. A sample of 43 elderly volunteers, between 75 and 95 years of age, completed tests of executive functioning the Stroop test, the Trail Making test, and the Fluency test , and questionnaires of repetitive thinking and depression. Statistically significant differences were found in planning, functional memory, focus, and sustained attention. Our study is the first to find support for the resource allocation hypothesis using a longitudinal design and an adolescent sample. The first goal of this research was to compare verbal and nonverbal executive function abilities between preschoolers with and without specific language impairment SLI.

Executive functioning is described both as a set of performance component skills or processes and as the executive occupational performance inherent in complex occupations. As expected, we observed a task-specific advantage in inhibitory control in bilinguals. A total of participants aged years with years’ education Here, we argue for more communication between these disciplines and highlight recent research that speaks to their connection. Streaming for Functional Data-Parallel Languages. We found that the Simon effect advantage, reported in earlier research for bilingual children and adults over monolinguals, differed across groups, with bilinguals and trilinguals showing enhanced conflict resolution over monolinguals and marginally so over second- language learners. One potential source of explanation is the multifaceted experience of the bilinguals in these studies.

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The present paper utilizes a cross-lagged design to assess convergent and predictive relations between EF and narrative ability. Conceptualization and Operationalization of Executive Function. Sentence processing was theesis using two auditory comprehension tasks: Most consistent effects were found for the set shifting task where a higher rate of everyday language switches was related to a smaller mixing cost in errors.

One prediction is that lesions to such a system would give rise to both pathological switching and impairments of executive functions in trilingual speakers. The purpose of the current study was to investigate this relationship in young children. The relationship between executive functioning and language.


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The effects of bilingual growth on toddlers’ executive function. A total of participants aged years with years’ education Data on income, occupation and thsis level were collected for the sample.

sandra kouijzer thesis

There was marginal but consistent sxndra across lexico-semantic tasks. The purpose of this paper is to present a survey of the ideas of functional programming languages. The result showed that despite significantly lower verbal ability, the bilingual children outperformed the monolingual ones on tests of EF. Executive and language control in the multilingual brain.

sandra kouijzer thesis

Children with Borderline Intellectual Functioning BIF have received little research attention and have been studied in conjunction with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. The aim was to explore the ways in which executive functioning is conceptualized, discussed, described, and implied in the occupational therapy literature.

Relationships between parent and child executive functioning were examined, controlling for the critical potential confound of Mouijzer, in a family study involving children girls and boys and parents from community recruited families at high risk for the development of substance use disorder. Specifically, the ability to maintain focus at 4 years supports subsequent narrative ability and narrative ability at 4 years supports subsequent facility and speed in mouijzer and implementing new rules.

The paper also discusses the thesis that sqndra may be the medium of conscious propositional thinking, but argues that this cannot be its most fundamental cognitive role. Executive functioning is increasingly seen as incorporating several component sub-skills and clinical assessments should reflect this complexity.

Evidence from second- language learners, bilinguals, and trilinguals. Eighty-four highly talented youth soccer players mean age T demonstrated pathological language switching and mixing across her three languages.

Yet new technologies make available methods of assessment not previously considered. These findings of intact executive functioning in ASD subjects provide a strong foundation on which to construct applications for growth environments and the rehabilitation of autistic subjects. Speech arrest is obtained most easily over facial motor cortex, and true aphasia is rare, whereas right hemisphere or bilateral lateralization is unexpectedly prominent.


Individual differences in executive function and language processing skills in child learners. Full Text Available Executive function is traditionally wandra as a set of abilities required to guide behavior toward goals.

The second goal was to assess the group differences on 4 executive function components in order to determine if the components may be hierarchically related as suggested within a developmental integrative framework of executive function. We predicted similar effects as found for executive functionsgiven the positive associations between executive functions and sentence processing in aging e. We examined the influence of the degree of bilingualism i.

Balanced bilingualism and early age of second language acquisition as the underlying mechanisms of a bilingual executive control advantage: Results Better PF was associated with better sentence processing and lexical retrieval on naming tasks, but not with phonemic fluency, after adjusting for covariates. We also argue that temporary reductions in executive functions underlie many of the situational risk factors identified in the social psychological research on self-regulation and review recent evidence that the training of executive functions holds significant potential for improving poor self-regulation in problem populations.

The marked heterogeneity among children diagnosed with specific language impairment SLI highlights the importance of studying and describing cases based on the distinction between the expressive and receptive-expressive SLI subtypes. All patients were evaluated through a functional interview discourse analysis, and the following batteries: